Diabetes increases the risk of high blood pressure, atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries), coronary heart disease and stroke, especially if your blood sugar levels are poorly controlled.
People who have diabetes are more likely to have heart attacks, angina (chest pain), develop heart disease at a younger age or have to undergo cardiac surgery than people who don’t have diabetes. So, the term “diabetic heart disease” refers to the cardiovascular or heart diseases that develops in people who have diabetes.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes develops when the body no longer produces enough insulin or does not effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to increase in blood sugar level. Human body needs insulin to turn sugar into energy.
What are the types of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes – usually develops in children, teenagers, young adults and even people in their thirties. The pancreas stops producing the insulin that the body needs to utilize sugar absorbed from food. This type of diabetes is treated with insulin (10% of diabetics are type 1).
Type 2 Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when the body does not efficiently use insulin that is produced or pancreas does not produce enough insulin. It is more common in adults, who are overweight and live a sedentary life (90% of diabetics are type 2 diabetics).
What Types of Heart Diseases Occur in Diabetes?
Diabetic Heart Disease may include coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure, and/or diabetic cardiomyopathy.